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Friends of Friendless Churches: Our Early History

Author: Rachel

The Friends of Friendless Churches was formed in 1957 by Welshman, Ivor Bulmer-Thomas. He sought to:

"secure the preservation of churches and chapels, or of any part thereof, in the United Kingdom, whether belonging to or formerly used by the Church of England or by any other religious body … for public access and the benefit of the nation."

The Friends of Friendless Churches was established at a meeting held on 3 July 1957 in Committee Room 13 of the House of Commons.

The founding group that gathered on that Wednesday afternoon included the architect Harry Goodhart-Rendel; the philantropist Samuel Gurney; politician Roy Jenkins; Lady Mander, chatelaine of Wightwick Manor; artist John Piper; founder of the Landmark Trust, John Smith; architectural historian John Summerson; poet T.S. Eliot; and poet, conservation campaigner and broadcaster, John Betjeman.

Initially, the Friends pursued their objectives by campaigning and grant-aiding. From the outset, the Committee fought for a formal church-and-state-led structure to protect important places of worship.

From 1960, FoFC gave evidence at the Bridges Commission, which led to an investigation by Lord Ilford. This led to the creation of the Pastoral Measure (1968, revised 1983) which provided the perpetual protection for important places of worship that we had so desperately fought for. The protection came in the form of the Redundant Churches Fund (RCF), now the Churches Conservation Trust.

Ivor was the first Chairman of this organisation and many of the churches hitherto cared for by FoFC were adopted by this new body.

However, it wasn’t long before Ivor realised that the Church Commissioners were controlling which churches would be vested in the RCF. There were countless churches that the Committee felt were good enough for RCF, but the Commissioners were set to demolish.

As a result, in 1972 the Friends amended their Constitution and established a company, The Friendless Churches Trust Ltd, enabling them to take direct ownership of buildings, under the Pastoral Measure, by freehold or by lease, which they felt were too important to be demolished, converted or left to decay. The residual tower at Lightcliffe was the first vesting with the Friends of Friendless Churches.


Ivor Bulmer-Thomas

Ivor Bulmer-Thomas CBE FSA

Ivor Bulmer-Thomas (30 November 1905 – 7 October 1993) was a Welsh journalist, politician, athlete and writer.

He was man of prodigious energy and gifts – he worked at The Times, News Chronicle and Daily Telegraph, he had a successful career with all three major political parties and narrowly missed being chosen for the 1928 Olympics. He could speak six languages and authored seven books on subjects ranging from the history of Greek mathematics to a biography of Lord Gladstone.

When it came to historic churches, Ivor was resolute and sure of his purpose. He fought to have St Andrew’s-by-the-Wardrobe in the City of London rebuilt following severe bomb damage in the Second World War.

Ivor persuaded the Church of England to introduce the Quinquennial Inspection Measure, stipulating that each church should be thoroughly inspected every five years. This modest Measure has prevented many a repair crisis.

Ivor saved countless historic churches – hopeless cases, lost causes – from ruin, neglect and demolition. Ivor changed the fate of England’s churches. We are proud to continue his legacy.